Author Topic: Post-reading Activity for our practice day  (Read 1435 times)

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Offline linzhou2

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Post-reading Activity for our practice day
« on: March 13, 2014, 02:13:13 PM »
We did a reading lesson on how to be polite in English. Two articles on the topic of politeness will be provided to students: one of the article will be prescriptive expository of different phrases and sentences that people could use to be polite, and the other is a published article on New York times discussing whether Americans are direct and polite at the same time.


The lesson is structured into three parts: warm-up questions asking students to think about the issues of politeness in their own culture and politeness in America; during-reading activities where students highlight phrases and sentences and discuss with each other the similarities and differences between the two articles; and the post-reading activities where students express their understanding of politeness in English and share with each other their personal experience on this issue.


The post-reading activity, which is group discussion, could be easily turned into a process-oriented writing task. First of all, the oral discussion serves as the brainstorming stage. Then, students could use different techniques they felt comfortable with to start their writing, be it looping, outlining, summary and etc. One thing to note is that the target students are high-intermediate and advanced-level students.


Appendix:
Article One
How to Be Polite in English
“Politeness is the art of choosing among your thoughts.”
Have you ever ordered at a restaurant in a foreign country only to get an ugly look from the waiter? Have you ever asked somebody to do you a favor, only then to have them refuse with an upset tone in their voice? Well, maybe your problem when speaking English comes down to a lack of politeness.
The English language is full of these little formalities which can definitely determine whether you’re going to make a good first impression on someone or not. We have this unspoken etiquette when asking for information, or even when we’re offering something and we have to take into consideration how we are offering it. Using please and thank you is necessary in most situations. In a lot of situations, people expect a sort of indirect way of speaking to each other, which in my opinion is a little silly. But hey, when in Rome do as the Romans do (follow the cultural rules wherever you are).
Making Requests/Asking For Something
One of the first things I noticed when I came to brazil was the way people order things here. Not long after my arrival in Brazil I discovered the most amazing savory treat I had ever tasted… The COXINHA!!  So, very eager to test my Portuguese, I went down to the local snack bar to order one. Using my Portuguese dictionary, I said to the man,“Com licenca, eu poderia ter uma coxinha por favor?” Although he understood, he handed me the coxinha with a very peculiar look on his face. I realized this must have been a strange way to order something when I heard the guy next to me say, “Ei, me dá uma coxinha ai broder.”
When ordering in English, we have a standard of politeness. The most common way to order in English would be using:
Can I/Could I – Could I have a coxina please? Can I have a coke please?  Could I order please? Can you lend me ten dollars?
May I (used in more formal situations) – May I attend the meeting next week? May I join you for lunch?
Asking for Permission
A good tip when travelling to another country is to always ask if you’re unsure about the politeness of something. Sometimes what may be normal in your culture might be considered a little rude in someone else’s culture. A good example would be how if here in Brazil I love to listen to Baile Funk music on my cell phone when taking the bus (without earphones obviously). So, if I was to do that in Australia, I would ask permission of the people around me first by using:
Do you mind if I listen to my funk music really loudly / Would it be a problem if I listened to my funk music really loudly / I was wondering if I could listen to my funk music.
These three expressions can be used in any situation when asking for permission. When asking this way we also have to use a softer tone of voice. The reason we do this is because we want the person to know that if it’s going to irritate them, they have the option of saying no without feeling uncomfortable. Sounds crazy right? We’re so worried about offending the other person. That’s English for you.
Not Understanding
In English, when we don’t understand what someone says, the first reaction would be to say “sorry?” (in a soft tone of voice). Not “sorry” like “desculpa” but sorry like “oi?” This is the most common way, and it is considered to be polite. In Portuguese, you guys use a different method: “UHHHHH?” Now that I have been living here for a while, I know that you are not being rude when you say this, but from a foreign perspective, especially when you’re not familiar with the language, this can be kind of troubling. My first impression when someone said this to me was “Damn, I’ve just offended this person in some way” or “My Portuguese is so bad that he or she is getting angry.” So try avoiding this one in English.
Instead, always use:
Sorry? – It’s polite and they will repeat, maybe even simplify what they just said.
Pardon (me)? – A more polite way of saying sorry. This is sometimes used in a a more formal situation.
Excuse me? – This is asking the person to repeat. Depending on the tone of your voice, it could express shock at what the person said, or maybe that you didn’t like the context of what they said.
Turning Down an Invitation/ Disagreeing
Last but not least, the awkwardness of having to say no to people. When travelling, or spending time in an English speaking country, we are always going to come across these situations.
Ladies (Or guy for that matter), have you ever had to turn a guy down but didn’t want to offend him? Or maybe you have had to disagree with someone, but you didn’t want to be sound defensive. In English, we use these softening tools to make what we say not so so direct.
Turning Down an InvitationI’m afraid I can’t…[/font]I’d love to but…[/font]That sounds great but…[/font]DisagreeingI see what you’re saying, but I think…[/font]You could be right, but don’t forget that…[/font]Yes that’s true, but I’m not sure that…[/font]“Hey dude, do you want to come to my sisters spelling bee?”  “Hey, I’d love to, but Josh is making spaghetti tonight.”
“Hey sexy! I would love to buy you a drink.” “Oh, I’m afraid I can’t, I have boyfriend.”
“Donkey Kong is the best game ever!” “I see what you’re saying, but I think Mortal Kombat is the best game ever.”
Sounding polite is obviously a personal choice everyone has to make on their own. There are some situations where we have to put our foot down, be demanding, and even rudeness could sometimes necessary from time to time.  So, my advice to you all would be to always try to use these polite expressions when in a foreign country, as you can never be too sure what is considered rude or polite in their culture.
- See more at: http://reallifebh.com/how-to-be-polite-in-english#sthash.1DsZobXu.dpuf

Article Two
Americans: the most polite yet direct people in the world         
By[/color]Harry Mount[/size][/url]Last updated: August 12th, 2010
[/color][/size][/url][/color][/size][/url]Larry David in Whatever Works (Photo: Film still)
I have just touched down in America for a week, and am immediately reminded about the extraordinary manners of the Americans. In the loos at Atlanta Airport, a man pulled at the door of an occupied stall, only to find it was locked. "Excuse me, sir," he immediately said.
A middle-aged blonde lady, also in Atlanta Airport, bumped into a young man, and said with a laugh, "Oh, I'm sorry, I was drifting off there."
That's not to say that all Americans are staggeringly polite; but, even when they're rude, they take the edge off their rudeness with polite words, directly and clearly delivered. So, on the way over here, on an eight-hour flight, I was repeatedly badgered by a middle-aged New York lady behind me not to recline my seat. I had a man in front of me who had reclined his, so there was no way I could raise my seat without being squashed. This didn't stop her going on at me, but, each time, she said, "Excuse me, you are going to have to compromise."
She was a pretty awful woman, really, but the combination of her directness and politeness meant there was none of the seething inner moaning that is the plight of the uncomplaining, mumbling Englishman. Even Larry David – the patron saint of rudeness in Curb Your Enthusiasm – always fills his complaints with "excuse me" and "please".
That directness and politeness is also an excellent way of responding to complaints. At the check-in desk, another young man said to a Delta assistant, "This is the worst customer service I have ever seen." The assistant said, clearly, directly, immediately, without any hurt or cringing, "I am very sorry you feel that way, sir." It wasn't passive-aggressive; just a neat way of getting across an apology while closing down the conversation.
We could learn a lot from our more polite neighbours across the Atlantic.