Author Topic: Learning vocabulary  (Read 286 times)

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Offline Rana

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Learning vocabulary
« on: February 22, 2018, 09:12:48 PM »
These are some Strategies for learning vocabulary while reading.
Reading Strategies: Learning Vocabulary
Written by tutor Beatriz
Any language program that is used to learn English, then, must address the basic skills necessary for an individual to learn the language from the ground up: alphabetization, phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary and comprehension strategies. Skipping through the first three, this short excerpt focus on vocabulary and some strategies that can be used to help a new language learner decode unfamiliar words and retain comprehension of its meaning. These strategies are by no means all-inclusive. The idea is that just as young ones learn to read and write, so must speakers of other languages: one step at a time, from the bottom up.[/size][/color]Strategy 1: Advanced OrganizersVisual aids that help students visually “map” out a word can help commit the word to memory while identifying key components such as root, endings, prefixes and suffixes, contextual and literal meanings, idiomatic uses of the word, sample sentences, and history of the word, just to name a few.For example: a student is learning the word “station”. Using a graphic organizer2, the student will identify major characteristics of the word, using these traits to build on prior knowledge. Here’s what the graphic organizer would look like: Graphic organizer for learning an English word
 Strategy 2: Word Morphology
Word roots, prefixes and suffixes that help student identify meaningful chunks when reading unfamiliar words. For example: Thank + ful + ness = ThankfulnessMeaning: the state of being full of thanks
 Strategy 3: Idioms and Phrases
Direct instruction of literal and figurative meanings go a long way in helping an ESL student learn how to manipulative known vocabulary to communicate more effectively.For example: “all ears”Jake finally finished his phone conversation and turned to me and said, “Sorry about that, go ahead with your story, I’m all ears.”Does the expression mean that the person is full of ears? Or does it mean that the person is now full of attention and is ready to listen to what has to be said?
 Strategy 4: Synonyms and Antonyms
Using a word that is similar and a word that is opposite help students construct categories and attaches chunks of meaning to a specific word that is common to a group of words. Example:  Synonyms:   thoughtful / insightful                 Antonyms:   vacuous / wise
 Strategy 5: Cognates
This is one of the most used strategies and one that learners find the easiest to use at the beginning of language acquisition. Students find similarities in spelling and pronunciation of words in both languages. The connection for meaning is already established for student and it is a matter of recognizing pronunciation and differences. For example:
   English[/l] Spanish   Restaurant      Restaurante   Camera Camara 
[/color]These are just a few strategies that tutors and students can practice while learning a new language. Not all languages are as relatable as English-Spanish but the approach should be the same: to build from the bottom up, helping learners hear the sounds of phonemes or word parts, identifying meaningful chunks and later, using these same strategies to decode unfamiliar words found in text using context clues.
Notes:
1Dr. Jim Cummins conducted research regarding second-language learning and literacy development and in 1979, he coined the acronym BICS and CALP as a strategy teachers could use to qualify a student’s language ability. He is a professor of language development at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto.2This graphic organizer is part of the Frayer model made popular by J.R. Marzano, an education researcher who developed a system to help teachers use vocabulary strategies for effective learning of content matter in the science and math areas. [/left]
« Last Edit: February 22, 2018, 09:15:40 PM by Rana »

Offline Randall Sadler

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Re: Learning vocabulary
« Reply #1 on: February 27, 2018, 10:26:08 AM »
Nice ideas!!!!
:marvelous            ::Good job!            ::yeah!            ::thanks            ::Good one!            :nice-thread 
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Asst. Prof, Linguistics, U. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign  www.eslweb.org