Author Topic: P.I.E. Structure  (Read 6597 times)

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Offline hmehrte2

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P.I.E. Structure
« on: September 07, 2011, 08:50:47 PM »
Something I think writing teachers often overlook is giving students a clear explanation that each claim needs to be supported by an explanation. That is, if support is given for a topic sentence it needs an explanation behind it. My ESL students really struggle with this. I find myself writing, 'What?', 'Why is this important?', etc. over and over again. To take care of this I emphasize the P.I.E. structure in my class. I found a pretty good handout at this link:    It's not perfect so I adapted it for my class. If it wasn't a PDF I'd attach it what I do but I gave out hard copies.

I also show students this video:
It's pretty cheesy and simplistic if you teach advanced writing (which I do) but it gives students a good visual representation of what an essay looks like. It also gives a visual of how everything relates to each other, e.g. how the paragraphs relate to the thesis statement.

Overall I'd highly suggest talking about the P.I.E. structure when you cover paragraph structure. I've seen vast improvements in students' papers after teaching it. I hope this helps! :D
« Last Edit: September 08, 2011, 08:37:17 AM by Randall Sadler »

Offline Randall Sadler

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Re: P.I.E. Structure
« Reply #1 on: September 08, 2011, 08:33:45 AM »
I like the video!    ::Good one!

You'll find more on PIE structure here on the forum as well:

Note that the last link also has a reply, which include a full lesson on PIE structure that is excellllllllent!
Randall Sadler, Site Owner
Asst. Prof, Linguistics, U. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Offline karlags2

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Re: P.I.E. Structure
« Reply #2 on: March 03, 2020, 11:15:46 AM »
I believe one of the reasons our students struggle with this is due to the cultural differences behind the rhetorical traditions of their countries. I believe this should be taking into consideration along with students own perceptions about this. There are various studies related to this field and also about pluralizing academic writing.

Offline dunn10

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Re: P.I.E. Structure
« Reply #3 on: March 08, 2020, 08:05:57 PM »
I also worry that PIE or TEA writing form is overemphasized. It's even possible for the instructor/teacher to become so focused on the TEA or PIE that they don't recognize other forms of writing that were just as effective in reaching or connecting to the audience. While TEA and PIE most likely make for a nice solid foundation for beginning writers, there are many other ways to write. The writer might have a good reasons for not giving an explanation. For example, maybe the writer wants the reader to think on their own, or provoke a feeling from the reader. It would be dreadfully boring if everyone wrote in the TEA or PIE form. After students have proven they are capable of writing in the TEA or PIE form it would be beneficial for the students to be able to explore other forms of writing to effectively reach their audience.