Author Topic: Pre-reading activities for older students  (Read 1678 times)

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Offline brennaw

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Pre-reading activities for older students
« on: May 04, 2020, 05:13:36 PM »
Pre-reading activities have an important role in building reading skills, but as someone who has done a good amount of ESL tutoring with older students, some of the commonly promoted pre-reading activities can sometimes feel like they're more geared for younger ages. So when I saw this article aimed at prereading activities for international college students, I was interested.

Here are some activities from Maunsell's 2019 article that I thought were most interesting:

Activating prior knowledge activities:
  • "Prereading Plan": Provide students the central takeaway of a reading in the form of a brief sentence, then have students discuss whether they agree, what they know about the topic, then brainstorm the vocabulary they have related to those themes. This can allow students to collaboratively share their background knowledge with each other directly.
  • "The Turning Wheel": Students are divided into groups, and each group is given a large piece of paper on which a different subtopic of a reading is written. Each group takes 1-2 minutes and writes down everything they know about that subtopic before passing the paper to the net group.
Analyzing text features activities:
  • "Textbook Scavenger Hunt": Students are given a list of key terms or items to find in the text to be read, and have to search for the information and write down how they found it. However, the terms they search for should be chosen based on how they clarify what the text is going to be about and how it's organized.

Developing Vocabulary:
  • "Word Sort": Students copy vocabulary terms onto note cards, and then, either on their own or in groups, create categories for the different vocabulary words, and have to discuss the reasoning behind their different categories. They can also create visual illustrations of the meaning behind the category. This activity is designed to help students build connections behind the vocabulary words presented themselves, not just memorize vocabulary in isolation.

Reference: Maunsell, M. (2019). Academic prereading activity menus to support international ESL students in higher education. The CATESOL Journal, 31(1), 1-12.